Table of Contents
Courts & Case Law
Georgia Supreme Court
Georgia Court of Appeals
Georgia Superior Court
11th Circuit Court of Appeals
Georgia Federal District Courts
Additional Georgia Resources
City & County Ordinances
Attorney General Opinions
Executive Orders & Proclamations
Jury Verdicts & Instructions
Ethics & Bar Rules
Georgia Constitution - Current version is available in PDF from the Georgia Secretary of State website. (The current Georgia constitution which was ratified on November 2, 1982, and became effective July 1, 1983, repeals older constitutions). The annotated version can be found in volume 2 of the print O.C.G.A. and in volumes 2 and 3 of the print West Code of Georgia Annotated.
Earlier versions of the constitution may be found at Georgia Info.
WestlawNext > State Materials > Georgia > Georgia Statutes and Court Rules > Constitution of the State of Georgia. You can use the "Effective Date" box to search annotated versions back to 2005.
Bills - Georgia General Assembly website - The Georgia General Assembly has met annually or biennially since 1777. Annual session begin on the 2nd Monday in January and run for 40 Legislative days. Sessions normally end in mid to late March, depending on the number of recess days. Its website contains texts of bills and allows for searching by bill number, status and code numbers. Under the Bill Number search template, select Advance Search for more options, and to research all sessions back to 2001-2002. There is a link to previous legislative sessions back to 1995-96, so it is possible to locate marked-up house and Senate bills back to 1995.
LEXIS - Text of billis in GA;GATEXT.
Lexis Advance - Bills can be located with a keyword search in the global search bar. At the next screen, select the legis tab and filter by Bill Text and Georgia.
WESTLAW - Text of bills and bill tracking in GA-BILLTXT. Older bills back to 1991 in GA-BILLS-OLD. Password restricted. Older House bills beginning in1979, contact the Clerk of the House. Older Senate Bills beginning in 1969, contact the Secretary of the Senate. Very old bills beginning in 1838, including enrolled, engrossed and published bills, contact the Georgia State Archives at 678-364-3700 and connect to Research.
WestlawNext > State Materials > Georgia > Georgia Proposed & Enacted Legislation > Proposed Legislation (Bills). Main page contains the 10 most recent documents from the current legislative session (conduct a word search to find additional bills). From this page, under Tools & Resources, you can also access Georgia Bill Tracking, Georgia Historical Session Laws (coverage begins with 2005), and Georgia Legislative History.
Atlanta Journal Constitution - The newspaper, AJC, contains articles on recent activities in the Georgia Legislature. You can access AJC on WestlawNext by selecting News > Newspapers, or by typing Atlanta Journal Constitution in the global search bar. Once the newpaper is retrieved, enter "georgia general assembly" or "georgia legislature." On Lexis Advance, use Browse Sources, and they type Atlanta Journal Constitution in the Search Sources box.
Georgia Public Broadcasting Television (GPB) - provides live gavel-to-gavel coverage of the Georgia General Assembly. In addition, "Prime time Lawmakers" airs Monday through Friday at 5:30 am and 7:00 pm and covers each day's legislative session.
Georgia Laws - 1799 - 1999 available through Galileo - Searchable full text collection of the Acts of the General Assembly, the House Journals, and the Senate Journals. This collection is housed on the UGA/GALILEO server and maintained by the University of Georgia. This is the only online source for full retrospective coverage. [For session laws since 1999, use either the print Georgia Laws, the Georgia General Assembly website, the session laws on HeinOnline, WestlawNext and Lexis Advance] You can search by keyword, or, if you have a citation to Georgia Laws, i.e., 1992 Ga. Laws 32, you can select Year / Page Search in the left frame and type in the citation.
Georgia Laws - hardcopy - the print source that contains the session laws; includes the Senate or House bill number of the enacted law. Georgia Laws is cited as (year) Ga. Laws. (page). Ex.: 1982 Ga. Laws 256. The law library's collection is complete from 1820. Each volume is indexed, and there are no cumulative indices. Location in Library: GA1.
HeinOnline - Georgia session laws in PDF from 1735 to present. Session laws are also available on LLMC from 1900.
LEXIS - New legislation from the advance legislation service. Older legislation back to Feb. 6, 1990 in GA;GAALS.
Lexis Advance - Browse Sources > Narrow by Jurisdiction > Georgia. Select Georgia Advance Legislative Service.
New Legislation on Georgia General Assembly website. To locate legislative sessions back to 1995, you may need to select an Advance Search link.
WESTLAW - New legislation from the advance legislation. Older legislation back to 1990 is in GA-LEGIS-OLD.
WestlawNext > State Materials > Georgia > Georgia Proposed & Enacted Legislation > Enacted Legislation (Session Laws).
Georgia Code Website - Official Code of Georgia Annotated (O.C.G.A.) freely available on the Georgia General Assembly website through LexisNexis.
Official Code of Georgia Annotated (O.C.G.A) - hardcopy - contains the official version of Georgia statutes currently in force and includes only laws of general applicability (local and special acts are located in Georgia Laws). This code became effective November 1, 1982, and is commonly refererred to as the "Code of 1981." The OCGA recodified and reclassified the general laws of Georgia, eliminated obsolete and unconstitutional laws, and repealed the "Code of 1933." Laws become effective July 1st of the year of passage, unless specified otherwise. Locations in Library: GA1, Reference, Reserve. (Older OCGA volumes since 1982, and bound pocket parts since 1994, are located in Fourth Floor Storage.)
West's Code of Georgia Annotated - hardcopy - the unofficial publication of Georgia statutes currently in force. This publication also includes references to applicable state regulations and West/Westlaw topic and key numbers following a code section. Began publication in 2002. Location in Library: GA1.
Code of Georgia Annotated - hardcopy. Published since 1935 by the Harrison Co., and commonly referred to as the "Code of 1933." It was discontinued in 2002. Note: To convert a former Harrison code section number to the O.C.G.A. code section number, consult a Tables volume accompanying either the O.C.G.A. or Code of Georgia Annotated. Editions and archived versions of the hardcopy Code of Georgia Annotated are located in library storage on the Fourth Floor - please consult a librarian for access.
Historic Georgia Digests and Codes - this digitized collection from the University of Georgia Law School represents all of the various versions of the laws of Georgia beginning "from its first establishment as a British province" in 1799 through the Code of 1933.
Westlaw - - annotated version of the O.C.G.A. in GA-STMANN.
WestlawNext > State Materials > Georgia > Georgia Statutes & Court Rules. To access archived versions, click on "Georgia Statutes Annotated - Historical" under "Tools & Resources." West's Code is archived back to 2002. The O.C.G.A is archived back to 1988 (WestlawNext uses the publisher name of Michie to denote the O.C.G.A.)
Lexis Advance- Browse Sources > Narrow by Jurisdiction > Georgia. Select Official Code of Georgia Annotated.
Description of the Georgia General Assembly - Article from The New Georgia Encyclopedia online provides an overview of the legislative process and history of the Georgia General Assembly.
Georgia Track - Individuals can subscribe to "Georgia Track" to monitor the status of bills as they move through the General Assembly.
Legislative Information from georgia.gov - Provides current and past budget reports, lobbyist information, and legislative and congressional districts for Georgia.
Prime Time Lawmakers - Watch Prime Time Lawmakers every Legislative day at 7 pm on Georgia Public Broadcasting.
There is very little direct legislative history in Georgia, other than the record of floor votes contained in House and Senate Journals. Floor debates committee reports are not published. However, if your bill or code section was a significant piece of legislation, it might have been analyzed for legislative intent by student members of the Georgia State University Law Review. Their findings are contained in the Peach Sheets of the GSU Law Review. However, Georgia courts have generally used the plain meaning rule when interpreting the language in statutes, and legislative intent arguments may fail. You may also contact the Clerk of the House or the Secretary of State to request copies of bills as introduced and amended.
Peach Sheets - Since 1985, the fall issue of the Georgia State University Law Review features an annual legislative review known as the Peach Sheets. This review provides the legal community with an in-depth view of the Georgia General Assembly's activities and the legislative intent behind significant bills. Articles include analysis, personal interviews with legislators and sponsors of bills, and references to articles in the Atlanta Journal. The Peach Sheets are on Lexis Advance and WestlawNext in the Georgia State University Law Review databases. HeinOnline also provides coverage of the Peach Sheets back to 1985 in GSU Law Review in PDF format. The print versions of the fall issues of GSU Law Review are located in the Mulberry Wing, and they include a Table of Code Sections Affected and a bill index.
Mercer Law Review Annual Survey - Another potential source for legislative history information is the Annual Survey of Georgia law in the Mercer Law Review. Free online issues since 1994 are available on Mercer Law School website.
50 States - To obtain information on how to research legislative histories for all 50 states, the Indiana University School of Law Library - Bloomington, provides a good start.
Lexis - If available, documents in this database, Georgia Legislative Bill History GA:GALH, may provide helpful insight into the legislative history of a particular bill. ssword restricted.
Lexis Advance - Browse Sources > Narrow by Jurisdiction > Georgia. Select Georgia Legislative Bill History. The GSU Law Review is another source that you can search on LA to locate the "Peach Sheets."
Westlaw - The GA-LH database contains legislative history documents related to laws passed by the Georgia Legislature. GA-LH is a multibase that combines the GA-LH-REP, GA-LH-VOTES, and GA-LH-MSG databases. GA-LH-REP contains bill histories, Senate amendments, House and Senate Committee amendments, House and Senate Daily reports, House and Senate Weekly Wrap-Ups, and House news releases. The GA-LH-VOTES contains House and Senate vote records. The GA-LH-MSG contains press releases from the Governor of Georgia.
WestlawNext - WestlawNext > State Materials > Georgia. On the right-hand side of the screen, you will find "Georgia legislative History" under "Tools and Resources." From here, you can click on "Bill Analysis & Other Reports," " Governor Messages," and "Votes" to search documents related to those fields. The GSU Law Review is another source that you can search on WN to locate the "Peach Sheets."
Georgia Supreme Court - The Georgia Supreme Court held its first session in January 1846. It functions as court of review and has exclusive jurisdiction in cases involving a question of constitutionality. It has appellate jurisdiction in cases involving title to land; equity cases; cases involving wills; cases involving extraordinary remedies (mandumus, prohibition, quo warranto); divorce and alimony cases; cases certified to it by the Court of Appeals; and cases in which a sentence of death was imposed or could be imposed. The Court is composed of seven justices and it hears oral arguments every month, except August and December. The calendar normally begins on the second Monday of each month.
Both WestlawNext and Lexis Advance contain Georgia Supreme Court decisions from 1846.
Georgia Court of Appeals - The Georgia Court of Appeals was authorized by constitutional amendment in 1906. Under the 1983 Consitution, it is a court of review and exercises jurisdiction over appeals from superior, state and juvenile courts in all cases not reserved to the Georgia Supreme Court. The status of all cases since Jan. 2003 are contained in Docket Information, and there are also links to Standards of Review , Caseload Statistics (coverage 2002 -2006), and Judges' Biographies.
Both WestlawNext and Lexis Advance contain Georgia Court of Appeals opinions from 1907.
Georgia Superior Courts - The superior court is Georgia's general jurisdiction trial court. It has exclusive jurisdiction over trials in felony cases, divorce, equity, and cases pertaining to land. Superior courts are organized into 10 Judicial Districts, comprised of 49 judicial circuits. Each county has its own superior court, though a judge may serve more than one county. Site also includes a map to find a superior court.
11th Circuit Court of Appeals - The 11th Circuit was established in October, 1981 (previously in the 5th Circuit). Opinions are from 1995, and includes published and unpublished opinions in PDF and HTML. Also includes FRAP 36 and accompanying Eleventh Circuit Rules and Internal Operating Procedures.
Fastcase - Georgia cases and other primary sources freely available to Georgia state bar members, and to Mercer law students. Fastcase currently contains a citator service, Authority Check, which provides citations to cases that reference a retrieved case. Access Fastcase from the State Bar of Georgia website. Please ask a reference librarian for assistance.
Each year, the Mercer Law Review publishes an Annual Survery which reviews decisions in major areas of Georgia law. Issues on the website begin in 1994; articles have been published since1950.
Office of Secretary of State Website - Current rules and regulations are available on this website in PDF format. Considered to be more up-to-date than the print version of the Official Compilation. To request earlier versions of a Georgia regulation, contact the Office of Secretary of State, Administrative Procedure Division at 404-656-2865. Westlaw and Lexis contain older administrative codes in their databases but only as far back as a few years
LEXIS - current Georgia rules and regulations. Archived versions back several years. (password required).
WESTLAW - current Georgia rules and regulations. Archived versions back several years (password required).
Georgia Uniform Laws - website provides links to Georgia Uniform Laws.
Official Code of Georgia Annotated - search "Uniform Laws" in the index of either set for the uniforma laws that Georgia adopted.
Uniform Laws Annotated - Reference KF879.A45U5 - Pamphlet at the end of the set, "Directory of Acts and Tables of Adopting Jurisdictions," identifies which uniform laws promulgated by the National Conference of Commissioners that Georgia adopted.
West's Code of Georgia Annotated - search "Uniform Laws" in the index of either set for the uniform laws that Georgia adopted.
Municipal Code Corporation - search Georgia county and city ordinances by subject or by code number. Print sources for Bibb County, City of Macon, and Warner Robins ordinances are located in the Reserve Collection at the Circulation Desk. Note: earlier versions of Macon City Ordinances are available in hardcopy in the law library back to 1889 (check library catalog for location).
State and City Administrative Codes on Public.Resource.org - Called "Code City" on Public.Resource.org, the documents contained on this website are organized by state and are in PDF format. Most are safety, building and energy codes.
LEXIS - Georgia Attorney General opinions from 1970 in GA; GAAG (password required).
Opinions of the Attorney General - from 1994 to date are available on the Internet, and can be searched by keyword or number.
WESTLAW - Georgia Attorney General opinions from 1977 in GA-AG (password required).
Proclamations - current administration only. To obtain previous administrations' executive orders and proclamations, contact the Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia (678) 364-3700.
Bankruptcy Forms - from the U.S. Courts website.
Employment - from Georgia Department of Labor
Georgia Forms - an expanding collection of a variety of state court forms from Dougherty County Law Library. Free.It includes: Adoption Annulment Change of Custody Child Custody Contracts Criminal Law Divorce Domestic Violence Emancipation of a Minor Guardianship Forms Landlord/Tenant Legal Separation Living Wills Name Change Paternity and Father's Rights Power of Attorney: Health or Financial Protective Orders Real Estate Transactions Visitation Wills: Mutual or Simple Workers Compensation
LEXIS - To search for Georgia forms on LEXIS, go to "Find a Source" tab and type: Georgia forms. A template arranged by topics will appear. Includes, but is not limited to: Georgia Civil Procedure Forms, Georgia Domestic Relations Forms, Georgia Estate Planning, Will Drafting and Estate Administration Forms, Georgia Real Estate Forms, Georgia Corporate Forms.
WESTLAW - To search for Georgia forms on Westlaw, go to "Search These Databases" and type: Georgia forms. A template arranged by topics will appear. Also, use the Westlaw Directory tab to locate Georgia materials, and then select "Practice, Treatises, and Forms" link . It includes, but is not limited to: Georgia Forms Legal and Business, Georgia Litigation Forms and Analysis, ENFLEX Environmental, Health and Safety Forms, Georgia Forms: Business and Commercial , Elder Care and Nursing Home Litigation in Georgia with forms, Civil Practice, Premises Liability, Family Law, Wills, Real Property, National Transactional forms, Contracts / Commercial Law Forms, Georgia Appellate Practice with forms, Daniel's Georgia Criminal Trial Practice forms, Georgia Securities Practice with forms, Soft Tissue Injuries in Georgia Including Whiplash with forms, Georgia Law of Torts - Forms.
Westlaw Eforms for Georgia - this database contains the full text of Federal and State court forms including forms from district and Bankruptcy courts and agency forms, if any. Forms can be viewed in PDF format and can be completed and printed for filing. Adobe(R) LiveCyle(TM) Reader(R) Extensions also allow you to save completed forms, as well as add digital notes, stamps, and signatures to the form.
Georgia Jury Verdict and Settlement Summaries - Westlaw. Verdict and settlement summaries from Georgia state and federal courts supplied by LRP Publications, Inc. 1987 -
Georgia Jury Verdicts - Westlaw. 1988 forward - Civil jury verdict and settlement summaries for the Atlanta area from the Georgia Trial Reporter.
Pattern Jury Instructions (Civil Cases) website- 11th Circuit - (to the District Judges of the Circuit.)
Pattern Jury Instructions (Criminal Cases) website - 11th Circuit (to the District Judges of the Circuit.)
Suggested Pattern Jury Instructions by Council of Superior Court Judges of Georgia - (Civil and Criminal) hardcopy - Reserve, KFG542.6.A65.
The Georgia Trial Reporter - hardcopy - Reserve KFG 542.4.G46 (1999 forward) - contains a monthly summary of all available superior and state court civil jury trials in the Atlanta metropolitan area that result in a verdict.
West's Jury Verdicts - Georgia Reports - Westlaw (password required) - summaries of jury verdicts, judgments, settlements, and arbitration awards from Georgia superior courts and federal district courts.
State Bar of Georgia - Access Georgia Rules of Professional Conduct, Disciplinary Records, Advisory Opinions, and Office of General Counsel Annual Reports under "Bar Rules." To access recent and archived issues of the Georgia Bar Journal, click "News and Publications." Georgia State Bar Journal, Vols. 1-31 (1964-1995) is available on HeinOnline.
Members of the public who believe that a Georgia lawyer has violated the rules of ethics should contact the Bar's Consumer Assistance Program at 800-334-6865r
ABA Model Code of Judicial Conduct - current ABA Model Code revised in February 2007. (note: as with rules governing lawyers' behavior, each state adopts its own rules for judicial conduct, and many states base their judicial rules on this model).
The Federal Judges Biographical Database - The Federal Judges Biographical Database contains the service record of all judges who have served on the U.S. District Courts, U.S. Courts of Appeals, the Supreme Court, and other life-tenured courts since 1789. Georgia (state level) Judges Directory on X drive under "Judges Database" - Accessible only to Mercer Law Students. Presented by Mercer Law School Career Services.
Georgia Department of Corrections - includes inmate records under Inmate Information > Inmate query.
Georgia Legal Services Program, Macon Office - (telephone number: 751-6261/ 1-800-560-2855; 241 Third Street, Macon, Georgia)
State & Local Bar Association Directory - compiled by the ABA.
Georgia CityScapes - (includes 173 cities)
The New Georgia Encyclopedia - (Cities and Counties)
Georgia State Archives - The mission of the Georgia Archives is to identify, select, preserve, and make accessible records that constitute Georgia's recorded history; to increase the efficiency of State Government through effective records management; and to improve the quality of records and archives management throughout the state.
GeorgiaInfo - Created by the Carl Vinson Institute of Government at the University of Georgia, GeorgiaInfo provides useful links to Georgia Government sites, voter information, demographic statistics, Georgia current and historical maps, and Georgia historical documents.
State of Georgia Official Web portal: GeorgiaGov - Georgia's official website is a useful starting point for state research. This portal, maintained by the Georgia Technology Authority, provides links to Georgia's state agencies, city and county sites, legislative, executive, and business information.